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We must never lose sight of that fact. Second, the trend towards trade confrontation, which signals a return to bilateralism away from the trade multilateralism embodied by the World Trade Organization and its Dispute Settlement Body. We should again recall the s and the succession of competitive devaluations that took place, causing the collapse of three quarters of all international trade and payments within a decade. Third, the crisis of confidence faced by the European Union. Ownership of the European project by the peoples of Europe cannot be lost.


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This is a possibility that can and must urgently be considered. I must therefore try to prove why it is no longer just a hope but, more than ever, a necessity. First, multilateralism has yielded undeniable results. Bill Gates recalled recently that child deaths have more than halved since , while the proportion of people living in extreme poverty has fallen from 36 per cent to 8 per cent.

Smallpox has been eradicated as a result of the vaccination campaigns conducted by the World Health Organization.

Greta Thunberg – Sarah Roubato

Today, we are on the verge of eradicating polio. Better access to treatment has prevented 7. In the area of peacekeeping and security, more than a million men and women from countries have served in peacekeeping missions over the last 70 years to prevent the spread of crises, protect civilians and support political processes. The blue helmets are now our brand in the world.

A presence that is cost-effective. My ten years as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees convinced me that the pain of displacement can be avoided only through conflict prevention and improved integration of development and human rights protection efforts in our peacebuilding work.

On the other hand, unilateral intervention, or intervention by just one group of States, does not in itself guarantee either success or cost-effectiveness. The intervention in Iraq argues, negatively, in favour of multilateralism. We should also acknowledge the extent to which international conventions have promoted greater interdependence among peoples. We tend not to think about it anymore, but we should not forget the existence of a codified law of the sea in the Montego Bay Convention, or the existence of the International Civil Aviation Organization.

That principle was the corollary of the freedom of trade, recognized well before WTO existed. In just one week, my staff organized high-level meetings and 1, bilateral meetings.

France Castel

The recent General Assembly debate has convinced me that this is widely recognized. The themes mentioned over a hundred times in the addresses delivered by heads of delegations were all global: the Agenda for Sustainable Development times , climate change times , terrorism times and migration times. The clock is ticking. Unless we change course in the immediate future, we will lose control of the situation.

A few days from COP24, I will say this clearly: we — world leaders — cannot be sleepwalkers. It is pointless to build sand castles before high tide while claiming to be engineers. The recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change should serve as our wake-up call. Realities on the ground exceed even the most pessimistic forecasts. Climate change is moving faster than we are. Natural disasters are becoming more frequent, more intense and more destructive.

Arctic sea ice is shrinking, desertification is spreading and coral bleaching is widespread. It took from the Big Bang until the year for the number of people on Earth to reach one billion. Today that number is approaching 8 billion, and half of the growth in the global population will be in Africa. In a context of climate change, inequalities and conflict, migration will remain an enduring phenomenon. We must come to our senses.

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Without international cooperation, and if we retreat behind our national borders, we will sacrifice our collective values, and we will perpetuate the tragedy of migrants being exploited by the worst traffickers. Our third challenge is technology. Like the invention of printing, the digital revolution has opened up a new realm — this time the virtual world. We have been given the opportunity to experience a revolution that has given birth to a new world.

The digital transformation is turning our economies and societies upside down. Shortly, artificial intelligence will redefine the job market and the nature of work itself. While offering immense opportunities, the Internet can unfortunately also be used to manipulate information. It is a place where cybercrime spreads. Terrorist groups use the Internet to foster hate speech and recruit alienated youth. The main risk today is the gap between innovations and our legal framework, whose basic concepts are not suited for the virtual world.

Gone are the days when a superpower could shore up the global economy or guarantee international security. Our world at present seems chaotic.

1. Victor Hugo - Demain, dès l'aube

But it is moving towards multidimensional multipolarity. And it would be wrong to regard this multipolarity, in and of itself, as the solution. Without the multilateral system and respect for international rules, we risk a return solely to power relations, reward-sanction mechanisms and a cycle of frozen conflicts. This is what I am working towards. I cannot detail here all the reforms that my colleagues and I are undertaking in that direction. But allow me to convey our gratitude to the staff of our organizations.

They work in places where other people do not go, on the most dangerous missions. Only robust States have the power to make commitments, then to explain to citizens the rules by which they and other States have agreed to be bound. As a former Prime Minister, I know the difficulty of this myself: a multilateral rule is an agreement that is more difficult to amend than a national law. People often see what it dictates, not what it maintains. A flow that must contribute directly to political decision-making. Having grown up under a dictatorship, I know this from experience.

This principle is also becoming increasingly valid at the global level. We need an inclusive multilateralism that is closely related to civil society and the business community. And I congratulate President Macron for making this a priority during the French presidency of the G7 in The fight against global inequalities must serve as the guiding compass for the work of multilateral organizations. It is central to the Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals. In this context, my mission is simple: to be more effective in order to better serve the people for whom we are a necessity and a hope.

Consequently, reform of the United Nations Secretariat has been a priority since my arrival. Our Organization must be exemplary. In particular, it must respect geographical diversity and gender equality. We are convinced that women hold the key to our development. I will tirelessly pursue these steps towards modernization, and I ask you to place your trust in me.

We must never accept the plight of the victims of violence and terrorist acts in Syria, Yemen, Mali or Myanmar. Our organizations must therefore act in concert. This is the purpose of our special partnerships with the African Union and the European Union. This opportunity will not come again. Because ; interrogative adjective: "Quel"? This course is designed for beginners to strengthen their competency in French. Students will sharpen their reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills necessary to identify vocabulary terms and utilize proper grammatical structures.

Talk about one's job; describe a person; talk about one's family; talk about one's daily activities; talk about one's projects. Most common professions; masculine and feminine for profession-based adjectives; physical and psychological descriptions; family relationships; daily activities. Prepositions places ; demonstrative adjectives; stressed pronouns; qualifying adjectives; possessive adjectives; reflective verbs; near future; imperative mode and tense.

Ask questions; talk about past events; talk about seasons and the weather; talk about one's hobbies and cultural activities; call someone on the phone and answer the phone; express feelings. Basic use of simple future; partitive articles; Direct Object and Indirect Object; basic use of "imparfait" tense.

This course concludes the core competencies needed for beginners in French and enables students to move on to intermediate courses at the level. This course is designed for students at the intermediate-level working toward proficiency in French. Students will further develop their reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills, expand upon their vocabulary, and utilize more complex grammatical structures.

Talk about a friendship; describe a person; talk about what someone said; mention changes; narrate an encounter; talk about one's work, one's university studies, one's choice of profession; give advice. Friendship; love relationship; studies; professional experience; work and professional life; love life. This course is designed for intermediate-level students working to strengthen their competency in French. Talk about cultural differences; situate yourself in time; talk about one's place of living and justify one's choices; talk about an event; react.

Hobbies; encouragement; tourism, boooking a hotel, a table; wishes; verbs to express goals; verbs to express fields of interest; idioms to express one's opinion. This course concludes the intermediate level and enables students to move on to advanced courses at the level. Toggle navigation Home.


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